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SecureAuth Threat Service Definitions

Threat Types

Key Name Description Notes
AE.IP.threatType

Threat Type identifies the classification of the attack.

 
AE.IP.threatCategory

Threat Category identifies the attacker method.

 
AE.IP.geoContinent

Continent identifies the location of the IP address: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, Oceania (Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia), South America.

 
AE.IP.geoCountry

Full country name is used within the ISO-3166Alpha-2 code system.

 
AE.IP.geoCountryCode

International Standard Organization's 2-letter code corresponds to the name of the country, as defined in ISO-3166.

 
AE.IP.geoCountryCF

Country Confidence Factor – from 0 (null) to 99 – reflects a relative measure of certainty the user is in the location identified in the country field. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned country.

 
AE.IP.geoRegion

Directional Region information (e.g. 'northwest') for some countries, or specific regional information (e.g. 'northern_ireland') for a few other countries. Region information is currently available for the U.S., U.K., Brazil, Denmark, France, Philippines, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Equatorial Guinea, Greece, Guinea, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Malawi, Marshall Islands, New Zealand, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.

 
AE.IP.geoState

IP Intelligence provides information for states and provinces (i.e. first-level administrative division) in all countries where they exist.

NOTE: IP Intelligence uses the localized spelling for state values. For example, the state of Tuscany in Italy is identified as ‘toscana’ in GeoPoint data. This approach ensures the highest degree of system compatibility, as well as the ability to use localized state names for customer applications serving those countries. 

 
AE.IP.geoStateCode

State Code is the abbreviated code that identifies a state or province.

 
AE.IP.geoStateCF

IP Intelligence provides a State Confidence Factor that reflects a relative measure of certainty that the user is in the location identified in the state field. Values range from 0 (null) to 99. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned state. 

 
AE.IP.geoCity

IP Intelligence locates users in respective cites and recognizes more than 150,000 distinct international locations.

NOTE: IP Intelligence uses the localized spelling for city values. For example, the city of Rome in Italy is identified as ‘roma’ in GeoPoint data. This approach ensures the highest degree of system compatibility, as well as the ability to use localized state names for customer applications serving those countries. 

 
AE.IP.geoCityCF

IP Intelligence provides a City Confidence Factor that reflects a relative measure of certainty that the user is in the location identified in the city field. Values range from 0 (null) to 99. The higher the value, the greater the likelihood that the user is in the assigned city. 

 
AE.IP.geoPostalCode

Postal Code is assigned to a corresponding city. Most of GeoPoint’s postal code assignments are derived from the city field. Where there is sufficient evidence, the postal code is explicit. IP Intelligence provides postal codes for most countries. 

 
AE.IP.geoAreaCode

Area Code is the phone number prefix assigned to its corresponding city. Prefixes are available in the U.S., Canada, and selectively in other countries.

NOTE: 'area_code' does not include the telephone country code.

 
AE.IP.geoTimeZone

Time Zone is provided as a +/- offset of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and is represented as a floating point number so that calculations can be made for a specific time in a designated location. Values can be between -11 and 13. The time zone is derived from the city field, if known, or from the country field if the city is unknown. If city is unassigned and the country spans multiple time zones, a value of ‘999’ is returned.

 
AE.IP.geoLatitude

Latitude of the identified GeoPoint location is expressed as a floating point number with range of -90 to 90. Positive numbers represent North and negative numbers represent South. Latitude and longitude are derived from the city or postal code.

 
AE.IP.geoLongitude

Longitude of the identified GeoPoint location is expressed as a floating point number with range of -180 to 180. Positive numbers represent East and negative numbers represent West. Latitude and longitude are derived from the city or postal code.

 
AE.IP.dma

Defined Market Area (DMA) codes are assigned to geographical regions in the U.S. where the population typically receives similar media: e.g. radio, television, newspapers, and the Internet. The code, which is based on Nielsen's market codes but has parity with Google's metropolitan area codes, defines geographical areas that may coincide and overlap with one or more metropolitan regions. For example, San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland all fall into the same DMA.

 
AE.IP.msa

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) codes represent geographical boundaries of U.S. counties or towns that use Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) from data gathered by the U.S. Census Bureau.

 
AE.IP.connectionType

Connection Type pertains to ways in which users can connect to the Internet: fiber optic connections, leased line, high-speed or broadband, frame relay circuits, DSL, cable modem broadband circuits, Integrated Services Digital Network, dial-up modem, fixed wireless connections, cellular network providers, and unknown means.

 
AE.IP.lineSpeed

Connection speed to the Internet is divided into categories of high, medium, or low, as determined by the Connection Type.

 
AE.IP.ipRoutingType

IP Routing Type (IPRT) specifies how the connection is routed through the Internet and can be used to determine how close the user is to the public IP address. For example, a user connecting through a fixed connection is likely very close to the connection. A user connecting through a regional proxy is probably in the same country as the connection, whereas a user connecting through a satellite connection could be anywhere.

 
AE.IP.geoAsn

Autonomous System Number (ASN) is a globally unique number assigned to a group of networks administered by a single entity such as a Network Service Provider (NSP) or a very large organization. ASNs manage data routing via the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). IP Intelligence provides ASN information in 32-bit integer format.

 
AE.IP.sld

Second-Level Domain (SLD) is the part of the domain name that precedes the top-level domain. E.g. in www.companyname.com, “companyname” is the second-level domain.

 
AE.IP.tld

Top-Level Domain (TLD) identifies the most general part of the domain name in a Web address. Common top-level domains include com, net, edu (educational), mil (military), as well as country codes like jp (Japan) and fr (France).

 
AE.IP.organization

The Registering Organization is the entity responsible for the actions and content associated with a given block of IP addresses. This function is in contrast to that of the carrier, which is responsible for routing traffic for network blocks. Registering Organizations include many types of entities, including corporate, government, or educational entities, and ISPs managing the allocation and use of network blocks. 

 
AE.IP.carrier

Carrier provides the name of the organization that owns the ASN and is responsible for traffic flowing on the network or set of networks designated as an Autonomous System (AS) and identified by the ASN. While there are more than 27,000 active ASNs, there are fewer carriers, because a single carrier often manages several ASNs. 

 
AE.IP.anonymizer_status

A status is assigned to an IP address detected as a proxy and indicates the IP address may be associated with an anonymizing proxy. The status is a relative indicator of how recent the proxy was found to be active and the proxy’s category. 

 
AE.IP.proxyLevel

Proxy Level describes the degree of concealment for the end user via use of the proxy: e.g. obfuscation of the user’s originating IP address. Levels of obfuscation include: transparent, anonymous, distorting and elite. 

 
AE.IP.proxyType

Proxy Type describes the network or protocol used by the server to proxy the user connection. Classifications include the use of HTTP, Tor, Web and SOCKS. 

 
AE.IP.proxyLastDetected

Proxy Last Detected provides the most recent date on which IP Intelligence proxy detection technology confirmed the proxy was active or served as a private proxy. This information supplies more granular proof that an IP address may be associated with an anonymizing proxy.

 
AE.IP.hostingFacility

Hosting Facility identifies whether the connection originated at a facility that provides storage, computing or telecommunication services. The designation of a 'hosting_facility' includes the following type of service providers: colocation, cloud computing, dedicated hosting, virtual private servers and Web hosting. 

 

AE.IP.RiskScore

Risk Score is based on IP Address evaluation and threat intelligence data.

Applicable only to IP reputation log entries. Also logged in the message element.

 

Threat Types

The following values appear only in the realm's logs, and help to further classify the type of threat that is detected.

Threat Type (AE.IP.threatType)   Score   SecureAuth IdP Risk Category   Definition  
Anonymous Proxy 100 Extreme

Authentication is coming from a server that is designed to hide or anonymize the actual source IP Address

Attacker 99 Extreme

Indicators confirmed to host malicious content, has functioned as a command-and-control (C2) server, and / or has otherwise acted as a source of malicious activity

Compromised 98 Extreme

Indicators confirmed to host malicious content due to compromise or abuse – the exact time and length of compromise is unknown unless disclosed within the report

Related 88 High

Indicators likely related to an attack, but potentially only partially confirmed – detailed by one or more methods, like passive DNS, geo-location, and connectivity detection

Victim 89 High

Indicators representing an entity that has been confirmed to have been victimized by malicious activity, where actors have attempted or succeeded compromise

Uncategorized 80 High

Uncategorized threat

No Threat Found 0 Low

Not found in threat aggregation platform

 

Threat Categories

The following values appear only in the realm's logs, and help to further classify the type of threat that is detected.

Threat Category (AE.IP.threatCategory) Response Value Definition
Anonymous Proxy 0

Authentication is coming from a server that is designed to hide of anonymize the actual source IP Address

Cyber Espionage 1

Global issue with highly sophisticated nation-states and other actors targeting military, political, and commercial interests to gain decision advantage

Hacktivism 2

Activity ranges from nuisance level to sophisticated campaigns conducted by globally coordinated actors using increasingly sophisticated tools to negatively impact revenue or damage the brand

Enterprise 3

Threats specifically targeted at Enterprise

Critical Infrastructure 4

Threats specifically targeted at Critical Infrastructure

Cyber Crime 5

Threats typically orchestrated by criminal elements for financial benefit

Vulnerability and Exploitation 6

Threats targeting known software vulnerabilities

No Threat Found 999

Not found in threat aggregation platform

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